Table of Contents
- 1 Are particles close together in cold air?
- 2 When air is cooled the particles move?
- 3 Which particles are closer together?
- 4 In which phase of matter are the particles closest together?
- 5 In which state of matter are the particles closest together and highly organized?
- 6 Why do particles contract when cooled?
- 7 What happens to the particles that make up gas?
- 8 How are particles of a liquid attracted to each other?
Are particles close together in cold air?
The absorbed energy makes the molecules in air move and expand, therefore decreasing the airs density. The opposite is true for cold air. It is more dense because the molecules are closer together and they are closer together because the bonds are absorbing less energy and therefore do not move as much.
When air is cooled the particles move?
As the molecules heat and move faster, they are moving apart. So air, like most other substances, expands when heated and contracts when cooled. Because there is more space between the molecules, the air is less dense than the surrounding matter and the hot air floats upward.
Which particles are closer together?
Particles in a: gas are well separated with no regular arrangement. liquid are close together with no regular arrangement. solid are tightly packed, usually in a regular pattern.
Do particles expand when cooled?
Most matter expands when heated and contracts when cooled, a principle called thermal expansion. The average kinetic energy of the particles increases when matter is heated and this increase in motion increases the average distance between its atoms.
What happens when air is cooled?
Because each molecule uses more space for motion, the air expands and becomes less dense (lighter). The opposite effect happens when air cools. As the temperature drops, molecules move more slowly, taking up less room. The amount of space the air takes up shrinks, or reduces the air pressure.
In which phase of matter are the particles closest together?
Solid. In a solid the particles are very close together.
In which state of matter are the particles closest together and highly organized?
Solid. In a solid, the particles (ions, atoms or molecules) are closely packed together. The forces between particles are strong so that the particles cannot move freely but can only vibrate. As a result, a solid has a stable, definite shape, and a definite volume.
Why do particles contract when cooled?
Explanation: As the molecules of a liquid are cooled they slow down. As the molecules slow down they take up less volume. Taking up less room because of the molecules lower energy causes the liquid to contract.
What happens to the particles when a substance is cooled?
For most substances, when it cools, the particles move a bit closer together, so the volume decreases. What happens to the particles in a gas when it is cooled? They slow down and come closer together forming a liquid. Then further cooling will produce a solid. What happens to the particles when a substance is cooled down?
Why do particles move faster when they are heated?
When they are heated, they move very fast and rapidly. When they are cooled, they tend to slow down and move slower. That is because heat is energy adn when something is cooled, they lose their heat, basically, they lose their energy and particles move slow.
What happens to the particles that make up gas?
When you heat a sample of gas, what happens to the particles that make up the gas? The particles move faster The particles break apart The particles get smaller
How are particles of a liquid attracted to each other?
Even though the particles of a liquid are moving, they are attracted to each other so they don’t just spread far apart to become a gas. But some do when they evaporate.