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How are weather and climate created?

How are weather and climate created?

The temperature difference sets the ocean and atmosphere in motion as they work together to distribute heat around the planet. Movement of heat by the atmosphere and ocean gives rise to climate and weather.

What makes the weather hot?

During the summer, the sun’s rays hit the Earth at a steep angle. The light does not spread out as much, thus increasing the amount of energy hitting any given spot. Also, the long daylight hours allow the Earth plenty of time to reach warm temperatures.

What makes a day hot?

The atmosphere has “currents” or “streams,” moving around the globe very quickly at times, and more slowly at other times. The Earth tilts on its axis, so the portion of the earth that gets the most direct sunlight heats more quickly, and sustains that heat longer, than the hemisphere that gets less direct sunlight.

What 3 things make up weather?

Weather is made up of six main components. These are temperature, atmospheric pressure, cloud formation, wind, humidity and rain. A small change to any of these conditions can create a different weather pattern.

Where do Heat waves come from?

How Do Heat Waves Form? Heat waves are generally the result of trapped air. During the 2012 heat wave, air was trapped above much of North America for a long period of time. As opposed to cycling around the globe, it simply stayed put and warmed like the air inside an oven.

How do you make a weather prediction?

Making a weather forecast involves three steps: observation and analysis, extrapolation to find the future state of the atmosphere, and prediction of particular variables. One qualitative extrapolation technique is to assume that weather features will continue to move as they have been moving.

How do scientist predict weather?

First developed by the Italian scientist Evangelista Torricelli in the 17th century, the barometer measures the atmospheric pressure, which helps meteorologists predict weather patterns. These slight changes in the atmosphere’s pressure usually foreshadow changes in the weather.

How do we predict the weather?

Another way to predict the weather is to look at the visibility in the sky, both in the morning and at night. This is good for both winter weather prediction and summer weather predictions.

What is the source of weather?

As in the answers already given, the source of energy that drives weather is the sun. But the Science of Meteorology and hence weather, can be summed up as the movement of water vapor within the atmosphere. The sun heats the oceans and landmasses, which causes water evaporation into the atmosphere.