# What causes the attraction and repulsion of the magnets?

## What causes the attraction and repulsion of the magnets?

When two opposite magnetic poles are close, they attract each other. When like poles are pushed together, there is a force of repulsion. The rule for magnets is that like poles repel and unlike poles attract.

## Why do magnets repel each other?

Like poles of a magnet repel each other. This is because when the two magnets of like poles are kept facing each other the lines of forces are in opposite directions. When the unlike poles of a bar magnet face each other the magnetic lines of force are in the same direction and hence unlike poles attract each other.

Why do magnets repel and attract for kids?

When two magnets come near each other, their fields create forces that attract or repel. The Earth is itself a huge magnet, and the force its field exerts on other magnets makes them point in a north–south direction.

Do magnets attract metals or repel them?

Magnetic forces are non contact forces; they pull or push on objects without touching them. Magnets are only attracted to a few ‘magnetic’ metals and not all matter. Magnets are attracted to and repel other magnets.

### What causes magnets to attract?

Magnetism is the force exerted by magnets when they attract or repel each other. Magnetism is caused by the motion of electric charges. To become magnetized, another strongly magnetic substance must enter the magnetic field of an existing magnet. The magnetic field is the area around a magnet that has magnetic force.

### How do magnets attract objects?

It’s only when you hold unlike-poles together (a north pointing to a south) that magnets stick together (they are attracted). Unlike-poles attract: When a north pole and south pole point together, the arrows point in the SAME direction so the field lines can join up and the magnets pull together (attract).

How does attraction and repulsion work?

The attraction as well as the repulsion of magnets decrease significantly with increasing distance. When two equal magnets touch each other, the attraction between two unequal poles is 5-10% stronger than the repulsion of equal poles. That is due to the alignment of the molecular magnets in a magnet.

How do magnetic fields repel?

If you hold two magnets the wrong way around, they push apart – they repel! When two like-poles point together, the arrows from the two magnets point in OPPOSITE directions and the field lines cannot join up. So the magnets will push apart (repel).

#### What kind of things do magnets attract?

What Kind of Objects Are Attracted to Magnets?

• Magnetic Elements: Metals. Iron, nickel and cobalt are strongly attracted to magnets.
• Magnetic Minerals. Certain minerals have attractions to magnetism, some weak, some very strong.
• Alloys: Metal Mixtures.
• Odd Everyday Things.
• Aurora Borealis.

Magnetism arises from the electromagnetic force of a moving electric charge.

• A magnet has an invisible magnetic field surrounding it and two ends called poles.
• The north pole of a magnet is attracted to the south pole of any other magnet and repelled by the north pole of another magnet.
• #### What happens when magnets repel?

Using magnets to repel each other is one way to try to achieve a frictionless bearing. In practice, it can be difficult to remove all friction. While a pair of magnets will repel each other, they are not stable in this condition. One magnet won’t simply float forever above another magnet.

Why do magnets attract objects?

Magnets tend to attract elements that have unpaired electrons which can spin in the same direction. This will create an orbital magnetic moment which is a vector that has magnitude and direction. The strength of the magnetic field is determined by the magnetic moment.

Why are magnets magnetic?

Magnets are magnets because there are missing electrons from the orbital shells of atoms in metals, paramagnetic substances (such as certain salts) and in the case of forced magnetic devices (such as an electromagnet), there are relative motive forces to free air or cored devices.