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What is the difference between cerebral malaria and severe malaria?

What is the difference between cerebral malaria and severe malaria?

Severe malaria may manifest as anemia, hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis, repeated seizures, coma or multiple organ failure and is estimated to cause over one million deaths annually(1). Cerebral malaria is the most severe neurological manifestation of severe malaria.

What are the symptoms of brain malaria?

In adults, cerebral malaria is part of a multiorgan disease. Patients develop fever, headache, body ache, and, progressively, delirium and coma. Compared with African children, seizures, papilledema, and retinal changes are less common and coma resolution is slower.

Can malaria cause headaches?

Headache is an important presentation in malaria, either cerebral type or not. The cytokine is believed to be an important factor leading to headache in acute malaria. Some antimalarial drugs can cause headaches. In addition, headache is one of the symptoms of postmalaria neurologic syndrome.

What are the signs and symptoms of severe malaria?

Signs and symptoms of malaria may include:

  • Fever.
  • Chills.
  • General feeling of discomfort.
  • Headache.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Muscle or joint pain.

What are the signs of uncomplicated malaria?

In uncomplicated malaria, symptoms progress as follows, through cold, hot, and sweating stages:

  • a sensation of cold with shivering.
  • fever, headaches, and vomiting.
  • seizures sometimes occur in younger people with the disease.
  • sweats, followed by a return to normal temperature, with tiredness.

Can malaria cause headache without fever?

Headache: Headache may be a presenting feature of malaria, with or without fever. It can be unilateral or bilateral.

What is asymptomatic malaria?

Asymptomatic malaria can be defined as “Plasmodium infections that do not lead to clinical symptoms and therefore remain undetected by fever based surveillance systems.”[1] Asymptomatic cases occur without eventual overt symptoms, and they do not come to clinical attention, thus representing a largely hidden reservoir …

What are the signs and symptoms of complicated malaria?

Clinical symptoms such as fever, headache, diarrhea, hyperpyrexia, hemoglobunria, persistent vomiting, impaired consciousness, convulsion, respiratory distress, persistent vomiting, hypotension, anorexia, nausea, and rigor were assessed following criteria set on guideline for malaria diagnosis and treatment [20].