Table of Contents
What native helped Lewis and Clark?
Shoshone woman Sacagawea
The bilingual Shoshone woman Sacagawea (c. 1788 – 1812) accompanied the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery expedition in 1805-06 from the northern plains through the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and back.
What two tribes did Lewis and Clark meet?
People Encountered – Who Were the Tribes that Lewis and Clark Encountered in North Dakota? Their primary contacts were the Mandan and Hidatsa people, located in five villages on the upper Missouri near the Knife River confluence. These tribes were semi-sedentary, agricultural bands who lived in earth lodges.
Did the Sioux help Lewis and Clark?
On their expedition, Lewis and Clark knew from their investigations in St. Louis that support and cooperation from the Sioux bands was vital to the success of American trade with the Missouri River tribes. Their first encounter with the famed Sioux would be with the Yankton tribe.
What kind of Indians did Lewis and Clark meet?
Living near the mouth of the Columbia River were the Clatsop, Tiliamook, and Chinook Indians. Most of the tribes Lewis and Clark encountered were little known in the United States. Many of these tribes, in fact, had become friends with France, Spain, and England before the United States had become a country.
What was the purpose of the Lewis and Clark Expedition?
Lewis and Clark Expedition. The campaign’s secondary objectives were scientific and economic: to study the area’s plants, animal life, and geography, and to establish trade with local American Indian tribes. The expedition returned to St. Louis to report its findings to Jefferson, with maps, sketches, and journals in hand.
Where did Lewis and Clark get most of their food?
The tribes of the arid Columbia Plateau provided them with much-needed food (dogs, mostly) on the expedition’s way out and back, when game was impossible to find and the men, despite their hunger, disdained the salmon teeming in the river. More food — and essential information — came from the Chinooks and the Clatsops along the Pacific Coast.
What did Lewis and Clark use to orient themselves?
Lewis and Clark used William Robert Broughton’s 1792 notes and maps to orient themselves once they reached the lower Columbia River. The sighting of Mount Hood and other stratovolcanos confirmed that the expedition had almost reached the Pacific Ocean.