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What was the Cherokee Journey Called?

What was the Cherokee Journey Called?

Trail of Tears
In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson’s Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma. The Cherokee people called this journey the “Trail of Tears,” because of its devastating effects.

What happened to the Cherokee after their forced removal to the Indian Territory?

By the end of December, the removal of some 15,000 members of the Cherokee Nation was complete. The forts and camps in Alabama were abandoned and the property was sold at public auction.

Where did the Cherokees go after being moved out of their territory?

In 1838 and 1839 U.S. troops, prompted by the state of Georgia, expelled the Cherokee Indians from their ancestral homeland in the Southeast and removed them to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma.

What is the Removal Act of 1830?

Introduction. The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy.

Why was the Indian Removal Act made?

Andrew Jackson sought to renew a policy of political and military action for the removal of the Indians from these lands and worked toward enacting a law for Indian removal. The Indian Removal Act was put in place to give to the Southern states the land that belonged to the Native Americans.

Where did the Cherokee move to during the trail of Tears?

Cherokee removal. Cherokee removal, part of the Trail of Tears, refers to the forced relocation between 1836 and 1839 of the Cherokee Nation from their lands in Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Alabama to the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) in the then Western United States,…

When did the Cherokee and Chickasaw Indians move?

Among the relocated tribes were the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole. The Choctaw relocation began in 1830; the Chickasaw relocation was in 1837; the Creek were removed by force in 1836 following negotiations that started in 1832; and the Seminole removal triggered a 7-year war that ended in 1843.

When did the US remove the Cherokee from Florida?

The Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muskogee ( Creek ), and Cherokee were removed reluctantly. The Seminole in Florida resisted removal by the United States Army for decades (1817–1850) with guerrilla warfare, part of the intermittent Native American Wars that lasted from 1540 to 1924.

What did the Cherokee call the place where they cried?

The Cherokee have come to call the event Nu na da ul tsun yi (the place where they cried); another term is Tlo va sa (our removal)–both phrases not used at the time, and seems to be of Choctaw origin.