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What was the purpose of Deir El Bahri?
The Temple was built to commemorate the achievements of the great Queen Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty), and as a funerary Temple for her, as well as a sanctuary of the god, Amon Ra. In the 7th century AD, it was named after a Coptic monastery in the area, known as the “Northern Monastery”.
What is significant about the location of Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple?
This temple, built centuries earlier and found immediately south of Hatshepsut’s, served as the inspiration for her design. On its main axis and at the end of temple, lay the temple’s main cult site, a shrine to Amun-Re, which received his barque each year during the Beautiful Festival of the Valley in May.
What was the purpose of the temple of Hatshepsut?
Heritage of Grand Construction The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut was known in antiquity as Djeser-Djeseru or the Holy of Holies. As with other grand Egyptian monuments, the purpose of the temple was to pay homage to the Gods and chronicle the glorious reign of its builder.
What was Hatshepsut’s monument at Dayr al Bahri?
the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep
The first monument built at the site was the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh Dynasty. It was constructed during the 21st century BC….Deir el-Bahari.
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Luxor Governorate, Egypt|
|Part of||Theban Necropolis|
When was Hatshepsut’s temple built?
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut/Opened
What was the importance of the mortuary temple?
Mortuary temples (or funerary temples) were temples that were erected adjacent to, or in the vicinity of, royal tombs in Ancient Egypt. The temples were designed to commemorate the reign of the Pharaoh under whom they were constructed, as well as for use by the king’s cult after death.
What is Hatshepsut’s legacy?
Hatshepsut’s legacy includes her temples, such as the tiered mortuary temple at Deir el Bahri—hieroglyphic texts on the structure were first translated in the nineteenth century, revealing the substance of her reign—and her red-quartzite sanctuary from Karnak.
What did Hatshepsut do at Deir el Bahri?
Construction of Hatshepsut’s Temple. Hatshepsut constructed many monuments and buildings. She also had many statues of herself erected at the sites of these monuments and buildings to impress upon the ancient Egyptian people her standing as a great leader and Pharaoh. Hatshepsut’s Temple at Deir El Bahri is her greatest achievement.
What was the temple of Hatshepsut made out of?
Thanks to its design and decorations, the Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir El-Bahri is one of the most distinctive temples in all of Egypt. It was built of limestone, not sandstone like most of the other funerary temples of the New Kingdom period.
Which is the best temple at Deir el Bahri?
The temple of Hatshepsut is the best preserved of the complexes at Deir el-Bahri. Called by the people Djeser-djeseru, “sacred of sacreds”, Hatshepsut’s terraced cut stone temple is situated directly against the rock face of Deir el-Bahri’s great rock bay.
Why was Deir el Bahri chosen as a benchmark?
This site has been chosen as a benchmark because Hatshepsut’s Temple at Deir el-Bahri, Egypt is an architectural testament to the technological skill and culture of Ancient Egypt. Although not popularly known, Hatshepsut was a key figure in ancient Egypt’s history. The only female pharaoh of Egypt, Hatshepsut ruled Egypt from 1478 BC -1457 BC.