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What were colonists born in Spain called?
peninsular, Spanish Peninsular, plural Peninsulares, also called Gachupín, or Chapetón, any of the colonial residents of Latin America from the 16th through the early 19th centuries who had been born in Spain. The name refers to the Iberian Peninsula.
Who called themselves Criollos?
Persons of pure Spanish descent born in the Spanish Philippines were those to whom the term Filipinos originally applied, though they were also called Insulares (“islanders”, i.e. Spaniard born in the Philippine islands) or Criollos (“Creoles”, i.e. [Philippine-born Spaniard] “Locals”).
What do you call someone born in Spain?
Spaniard— a person from Spain (noun: person place or thing) “He is a Spaniard.” Spanish— something or someone from Spain (adjective: deecribing a noun) “He is Spanish.” “Spanish” of course, is also a noun, when referring to the name of the language. “He speaks Spanish.”
What does the Spanish word criollo mean?
Creole, Spanish Criollo, French Créole, originally, any person of European (mostly French or Spanish) or African descent born in the West Indies or parts of French or Spanish America (and thus naturalized in those regions rather than in the parents’ home country).
What did the Spanish bring to the New World?
Spain’s arrival in the New World resulted in widespread death and depopulation for the native people of the Western Hemisphere. The conquistadors killed many Native Americans in raids and wars, and they also brought with them deadly epidemic diseases such as measles and smallpox. (See Epidemics in the New World .)
Where was the first Spanish settlement in the New World?
In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511. The natives fared badly.
What was the population of New Spain during Spanish rule?
During the first 100 years of Spanish rule, the Indian population of New Spain declined from an estimated 25 million to 1 million as a result of maltreatment, disease, and disruption of their cultures.
How did Spain profit from the New World?
The government of Spain profited greatly from its share of precious metals found in the New World. Historians estimate that between 1500 and 1650 Spain carried more than 180 tons of gold and 16,000 tons of silver from New Spain to Europe.