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Who developed the Spartan system?

Who developed the Spartan system?

Great Rhetra. According to Plutarch, Lycurgus (to whom is attributed the establishment of the severe reforms for which Sparta has become renowned, sometime in the 9th century BC) first sought counsel from the god Apollo by obtaining an oracle from Delphi regarding the formation of his government.

Who set up the social and political system of Sparta?

The Spartan Political System Sparta functioned under an oligarchy. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families, both supposedly descendants of Heracles, and equal in authority so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague.

How did Sparta develop their society?

Located in the southern part of Greece on the Peloponnisos peninsula, the city-state of Sparta developed a militaristic society ruled by two kings and an oligarchy, or small group that exercised political control. Early in their history, a violent and bloody slave revolt caused the Spartans to change their society.

When did Spartan society start?

While the city was founded in the 8th or 9th century B.C, the golden age of Sparta lasted roughly from the end of the 5th century – the first Persian invasion of ancient Greece – until the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE.

What was Sparta’s social structure?

Spartan Society The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.

What is Spartan society?

Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service.

What was the social structure of the Spartan society?

SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF SPARTA The Spartan society was divided into three main classes. At the top were the Spartiate, then came the Perioeci and at the bottom were the Helots click for more about spartan classes

What was the system of government in Sparta?

Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). Oligarchy – Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families

What was the history of Sparta before the Spartans?

Spartan History Before Ancient Sparta. The story of Ancient Sparta typically begins in the 8th or 9th century BCE with the founding of Sparta and the emergence of a unified Greek language. However, people had been living in the area where Sparta would be founded starting in the Neolithic Era, which dates back some 6,000 years.

Who was the middle class in ancient Sparta?

The Aristocrats were the richer class of people who owned lands and were also responsible for military operations. In the ancient Spartan hierarchy, the Perioeci was the middle level class of people.