Table of Contents
Does the FDA approve OTC products?
OTC drugs are defined as drugs that are safe and effective for use by the general public without seeking treatment by a health professional. FDA’s review of OTC drugs is primarily handled by CDER’s Office of Nonprescription Drugs.
What is the active ingredient in over-the-counter?
Dextromethorphan (DXM) is a cough suppressant found in many OTC cold medicines. The most common sources of abused DXM are “extra-strength” cough syrup, tablets and gel capsules. OTC medications that contain DXM often also contain antihistamines and decongestants.
What is listed on an over-the-counter OTC prescription drug label?
The product’s active ingredients, including the amount in each dosage unit. The purpose of the product. The uses (indications) for the product. Specific warnings, including when the product should not be used under any circumstances, and when it is appropriate to consult with a doctor or pharmacist.
What are the OTC categories?
4. What is the first phase of the OTC drug review?
- Category I: generally recognized as safe and effective for the claimed therapeutic indication;
- Category II: not generally recognized as safe and effective or unacceptable indications;
- Category III: insufficient data available to permit final classification.
What are active ingredients FDA?
An active ingredient is any component that provides pharmacological activity or other direct effect in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or animals.
What is OTC monograph?
An OTC monograph is a “rule book” for each therapeutic category establishing conditions, such as active ingredients, uses (indications), doses, labeling, and testing, under which an OTC drug is generally recognized as safe and effective (GRASE) and can be marketed without a New Drug Application and FDA pre-market …
Which OTC drugs are not FDA approved?
A few current (and some previously) unapproved medications include:
- nitroglycerin tablets.
- morphine concentrated solution.
- morphine sulfate solution.
- chloral hydrate.
- pheniramine maleate and dexbrompheniramine maleate (in cough and cold combination drugs)
What are the 7 items found on a prescription drug label?
The following information must be on every prescription label:
- Name and address of the dispensing pharmacy.
- Serial number of the prescription.
- Date of the prescription.
- Name of the prescriber.
- Name of the patient.
- Name and strength of the drug.
What are four pieces of information that must be on an OTC medicine label?
The Over-the-Counter Medicine Label: Take a Look
- Active Ingredient. Therapeutic substance in product; amount of active ingredient per unit.
- Uses. Symptoms or diseases the product will treat or prevent.
- Inactive Ingredients.
- Other Information.