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How are cacti adapted to water scarce conditions?

How are cacti adapted to water scarce conditions?

Cacti have a small surface-volume ratio which allows them to store a maximum of water but with a minimum of transpiration area. Also, the root system extends horizontally and vertically with fine root hairs that develop during rainfall but die during drought to optimize the balance between water intake and loss.

How do cacti survive with little water?

Question: How exactly does a cactus live without water? Because it has no leaves, it doesn’t give up its water through evaporation as easily as other plants. Its stems are thick with a lot of room for storing water, and with a protective covering that keeps the stored water inside.

Why do cacti live in dry places?

The desert experiences rains from time to time. The cactus plants have shallow roots that absorb water from the ground. After the rains stop, the roots dry up. In addition to roots that are close to the ground for maximum water absorption, the roots are also extended to enable them to cover a large area.

What habitat does a cactus live in?

Although some species live in quite humid environments, most cacti live in habitats subject to at least some drought. Many live in extremely dry environments, even being found in the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on earth. Cacti show many adaptations to conserve water.

How do cacti store water?

Cacti have a thick, hard-walled, succulent stem – when it rains, water is stored in the stem. The stems are photosynthetic, green, and fleshy. The inside of the stem is either spongy or hollow (depending on the cactus). A thick, waxy coating keeps the water inside the cactus from evaporating.

Where does a cacti live in the world?

They usually live in areas that are relatively dry. Many cacti thrive in areas that are extremely dry, such as the Atacama desert — one of the driest places on Earth. Like all living things, cacti need water to survive. Given the areas where they live, though, water is often scarce.

How are cactus adapted to survive in the desert?

Because regular leaves don’t conserve water well, the cactus developed these modified leaves to adapt to its extremely dry environment. The spines are better at conserving water and surviving in hot temperatures. Regular leaves provide a large surface area for evaporation of water to occur, the tiny spines do not.

Where does the water in a cactus come from?

Intense system of collection of water from underground and atmosphere via the vast root system and spines respectively. The spines help in protecting the cactus from other animals which otherwise can consume the water off the plant.

Where do cacti get their carbon dioxide from?

Since cacti don’t have true leaves, their stomata are in the body of the plant, or the stem. In most plants with leaves, the stomata open up during the day to take in a gas called carbon dioxide from the air. Plants can use this carbon dioxide plus sunlight and water to make their food.