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How did the goods from the East get to the Swahili coast?

How did the goods from the East get to the Swahili coast?

Trade. Goods which came to the Swahili city-states were collected from Africa’s interior, including southern Africa where Kilwa had a trade emporium, Sofala, near the kingdom of Great Zimbabwe (c. In the other direction, goods came from Arabia, Persia, and India – and through these places, from China and Southeast Asia …

What did the farmers in the Limpopo Valley Farm?

They grew crops on small pieces of land where they lived. On this land, they grew watermelons, pumpkins, beans, mealies and sorghum. These crops needed summer rainfall, so they lived in parts of the country where there was sufficient rainfall. Their cattle were their wealth.

What are the differences between Mapungubwe and Great Zimbabwe?

As is well known, rank-based society at K2 developed into class distinction at Mapungubwe. Poor climatic conditions at the end of the 13th century undermined sacred leaders at Mapungubwe itself, and while vulnerable, the elite at Great Zimbabwe took over the important gold and ivory trade.

Why was the king of Mapungubwe so powerful?

The kingdom was particularly powerful due to the strong culture of gold and ivory trade that prospered along the east coast of Africa. It is suggested that the prosperity of the kingdom came to an end due to climate changes and as a result, crop failure.

What items did the Swahili coast trade?

The city-states were independent sultanates, although they shared a common language (Swahili) and religion (Islam). They traded across the Indian Ocean for items, such as pottery, silks, and glassware.

What goods were traded in East Africa?

As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa. These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron.

What artifacts were found at Mapungubwe?

The artefacts were found in three of 27 graves excavated by the University of Pretoria on Mapungubwe Hill and comprise anklets, bracelets, beads, ornaments and wooden forms tacked with gold foil. The forms include a sceptre, a bowl, a headdress, the famous Mapungubwe gold rhinoceros and several other animal forms.

Why is Mapungubwe called the Lost city of gold?

Between 1200 and 1300 AD, the Mapungubwe region was the centre of trade in southern Africa. Wealth came to the region from ivory and later from gold deposits that were found in Zimbabwe. The area was also agriculturally rich because of large-scale flooding in the area.

What did Great Zimbabwe trade?

Archaeological evidence suggests that Great Zimbabwe became a center for trading, with a trade network linked to Kilwa Kisiwani and extending as far as China. This international trade was mainly in gold and ivory.

How many years ago did African farmers live in Mapungubwe?

The first people in Mapungubwe were early Iron Age settlers. They lived there from about 1000 AD to 1300 AD, and around 1500 Iron Age subsistence farmers also settled there. Their existence is confirmed by the discovery by archaeologists of a few potsherds identified as Early Iron Age pottery.

Why is Mapungubwe called the Lost City of gold?

What did Mapungubwe farmers take to the Swahili Coast?

Mapungubwe farmers took agricultural produce such as sorghum and cowpeas as well as goods like copper and ivory to the Swahili coast. They exchanged…

What was the trade route between Mapungubwe and India?

By the time that Mapungubwe was a trading centre, the silk routesbetween Europe, Arabia, India and China were long established. As the linked article notes, trade would have travelled by sea up the East African coast and would have then travelled by sea or overland into Arabia, India and beyond.

What did the Mapungubwe people do for a living?

Others think there was a change in trade routes. Mapungubwe relied on trade and any blow to this activity would have forced people to move away. The people of Mapungubwe were wealthy and farmed with cattle, sheep and goats, and also kept dogs. They produced large harvests that allowed them to trade and store extra food.

What did the early farmers in the Limpopo Valley Farm?

What did the early farmers in the Limpopo Valley farm? They mostly kept cattle – as the area was dry. They also grew sorghum and cotton. 2 Why and how did life change for the Limpopo Valley farmers after 900AD? Why: the farmers began to trade with Swahili traders who came down the East coast of Africa.