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How does soil loses its fertility?

How does soil loses its fertility?

Soil as such does not lose fertility just by growing crops but it lose its fertility due to accumulation of unwanted and depletion of wanted inorganic salts from the soil by improper irrigation and acid rain water (quantity and quality of water).

What are the 3 causes of soil fertility decline?

Rapid declines in soil fertility are associated with large demands for food due to expanding population, nutrient mining of agricultural areas with concomitant shifts of produce to cities, and intensification of agricultural activities without proper regard for long-term maintenance of fertility by application of …

How can we prevent soil degradation?

Artificial and natural windbreaks, such as shrubs, reduce the erosion effects of wind. Plants also have the added benefit of “anchoring” the soil, reducing the effects of erosion from water. Terracing of slopes reduces the effects of water runoff and helps conserve rain water.

What is infertile soil?

Soil infertility implies lack of the qualities which enable it to provide nutrient elements and compounds in adequate amounts and in proper balance for the growth of specified plants. Infertile soils lacking in decomposing organic matter such as manure, will lack nutrients and binding qualities as well.

How do you fix soil degradation?

5 possible solutions to soil degradation

  1. Curb industrial farming. Tilling, multiple harvests and agrochemicals have boosted yields at the expense of sustainability.
  2. Bring back the trees. Without plant and tree cover, erosion happens much more easily.
  3. Stop or limit ploughing.
  4. Replace goodness.
  5. Leave land alone.

What can be done about soil fertility decline?

Managing soil fertility decline. Fertility management aims to maintain soil organic matter, soil structure, soil nutrient status and satisfactory soil pH. This can be achieved in cropping systems by: retaining crop residues on site.

How is the fertility of the soil determined?

Fertility of soil is result of its nutrient, micronutrients, secondary nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur zincs irons etc. These nutrients are absorbed by crop for its growth.

What happens to soil when nutrients are lost?

Soils lose fertility when the qualities that support plant growth and soil health are degraded: Loss of plant nutrients – The nutrients essential for growth (N, P, K, Ca, S, Mg, B, Cl, Mn, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mo, Ni) are unavoidably lost when plants are harvested and removed.

What to do about the loss of soil?

To make sure that organic matter doesn’t decay faster than it’s replenished, return crop residues to the soil and use cover crops to generate additional plant matter. Loss of soil structure – The granular, crumb-like structure of topsoil is desired by every farmer or gardener and is the product of adequate levels of organic matter.