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What are some secondary infections that affect people with AIDS?

What are some secondary infections that affect people with AIDS?

HIV damages the immune system. A weakened immune system makes it harder for the body to fight off OIs. HIV-related OIs include pneumonia, Salmonella infection, candidiasis, toxoplasmosis, and tuberculosis (TB).

What infections do people with AIDS get?

Infections common to HIV/AIDS

  • Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). This fungal infection can cause severe illness.
  • Candidiasis (thrush). Candidiasis is a common HIV -related infection.
  • Tuberculosis (TB).
  • Cytomegalovirus.
  • Cryptococcal meningitis.
  • Toxoplasmosis.

What types of infections can occur after AIDS has developed in the body?

In turn, an HIV-positive person may develop related infections, such as pneumonia. Without treatment for HIV, advanced disease puts an HIV-positive person at an even greater risk for infectious complications, such as tuberculosis and a fungal infection called pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP).

What is the most commonly observed opportunistic infection in clients with AIDS?

pneumonia (PCP) PCP is the most frequent HIV- associated opportunistic infection in industrialized countries, but appears to be less frequent in Africa. The symptoms are mainly pneumonia along with fever and respiratory symptoms such as dry cough, chest pain and dyspnoea.

What are the early signs and symptoms of HIV?

Early HIV symptoms usually occur within a month or two after infection and are often like a bad case of the flu. In many people, early HIV signs and symptoms include: Fever. Headache. Fatigue. Swollen lymph glands. Rash.

Can you tell if you have HIV?

The only way you can know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. Although the virus can cause symptoms, they’re not a reliable way to tell if you’re infected. In fact, some people won’t have any symptoms at all.

What is the prognosis of untreated HIV infection?

The prognosis in patients with untreated HIV infection is poor, with an overall mortality rate of more than 90%. The average time from infection to death is 8-10 years, although individual variability ranges from less than 1 year to long-term nonprogression.

How can you prevent a HIV infection?

There are a number of ways you can protect yourself from HIV, including: using a condom every time you have vaginal, anal or oral sex. in some countries PrEP is available. This is a course of HIV drugs which if taken consistently as advised by your healthcare professional prevents HIV infection through sex.