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What are the 2 types of coral?

What are the 2 types of coral?

There are two main types of corals — hard and soft.

What are 2 producers in the coral reef?

The primary producers are blue-green algae, phytoplankton, zooxanthelle, seagrass, and brown algae.

What is the family of corals?

Presently, corals are classified as species of animals within the sub-classes Hexacorallia and Octocorallia of the class Anthozoa in the phylum Cnidaria. Hexacorallia includes the stony corals and these groups have polyps that generally have a 6-fold symmetry.

Is coral alive kids?

Corals are formed by small animals, the polyps of the phylum Cnidaria. They are marine, either on continental shelves or round oceanic islands. They live in colonies. All the polyps in a colony are zooids: they are all clones, genetically identical….Coral facts for kids.

Quick facts for kids Coral
Class: Anthozoa Ehrenberg, 1831

What are kinds of coral?

Hard Coral Types

  • Staghorn Coral. Staghorn Corals are found in coral reef locations across the globe | image Albert Kok.
  • Leaf Coral. Leaf Coral is also referred to as Cabbage Coral, Plate Coral or Vase Coral | image Carra Oneal.
  • Elkhorn Coral.
  • Carnation Coral.
  • Bubble Coral.
  • Venus Sea Fan Coral.
  • Sea Whip Coral.
  • Sun Coral.

What are decomposers in coral reef?

Some of the decomposers in the Great Barrier Reef is fan worms, sea cucumbers, snails, crabs, bristle worms and bacteria.

How many families of coral are there?

The order Scleractinia is currently divided into 18 artificial Families, namely the Acroporidae, Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae, Mussidae, Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae.

What are coral kids?

Lesson Summary. Coral is a small animal that lives in warm water and attaches itself to rocks, with some types building a hard skeleton. Coral polyps create new polyps that also build hard skeletons and join together to form big groups called coral reefs that more than 25% of all ocean animals need to survive.

What is a coral ks2?

Corals are among the most important animals in the ocean. The living part of a coral is made up of tiny creatures called polyps, which are relatives of sea anemones. Polyps often live together in large colonies, snatching food from the water with their tentacles.

What are the three types of coral?

The three main types of coral reefs are fringing, barrier, and atoll. Schools of colorful pennantfish, pyramid, and milletseed butterflyfish live on an atoll reef in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The most common type of reef is the fringing reef. This type of reef grows seaward directly from the shore.

What kind of animal is a coral reef?

Sometimes mistaken for and referred to as plants or rocks, corals are actually made up of small marine invertebrate animals known as Coral Polyps and their exoskeleton structure that acts as a home. That is we see as the hard chalky structures that join together to form coral reefs.

What makes up the skeleton of a coral reef?

There are two types of coral called hard coral and soft coral. Hard coral make up the skeleton of the reef. They have a type of algae called zooxanthellae that live in their skeletons that provide them with food. The soft corals do not have hard skeletons.

What kind of stuff does a coral collect?

In addition to capturing zooplankton and larger animals with their tentacles, many corals also collect fine organic particles in mucous film and strands, which they then draw into their mouths. Most corals are made up of hundreds to hundreds of thousands of individual coral polyps like this one.