Menu Close

What are the culture groups of the Native American Indian?

What are the culture groups of the Native American Indian?

Most scholars break North America—excluding present-day Mexico—into 10 separate culture areas: the Arctic, the Subarctic, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Plains, the Southwest, the Great Basin, California, the Northwest Coast and the Plateau.

What was the culture like for Great Basin Indian tribes?

The traditional cultures of the Great Basin are often characterized according to their use or rejection of horses, although people inhabited the region for thousands of years before horses became available. Groups that used the horse generally occupied the northern and eastern sections of the culture area.

What are the cultures of the Great Basin?

Several distinct tribes have historically occupied the Great Basin; the modern descendents of these people are still here today. They are the Western Shoshone (a sub-group of the Shoshone), the Goshute, the Ute, the Paiute (often divided into Northern, Southern, and Owens Valley), and the Washoe.

Which crop was the most commonly eaten among the Native Americans in the US?

The main crop that the Native Americans grew was corn, which they called maize. Maize was eaten by many of the American Indian tribes because it could be stored for the winter and ground into flour. Maize was eaten nearly daily by many tribes and was a major part of much of American Indian culture.

What did northeastern Native Americans wear?

Because the Northeast has many different weather patterns, the clothing of Northeast Native Americans depends on the season. In warmer weather most men wore skirt cloths and no shirt. Women would wear skirts and leggings with tops. In colder weather, men and women both wore fur parkas.

What are some facts about the Adena Indians?

What Are Some Facts About the Adena & the Hopewell Indians? 1 Adena Background. The Adena were part of the Eastern Woodland culture that flourished from approximately 800 B.C. 2 Adena Culture. The Adena people were primarily hunter-gatherers, but they also farmed. 3 Hopewell-Adena Comparisons. 4 Hopewell Culture and Trade.

When did the Adena culture begin to change?

In about 500 B.C., the Adena culture began slowly to give way to a more sophisticated culture, the Hopewell Culture. These people were also mound builders, whose primary period was between 1 A.D. to 700 A.D.

How did the Adena people build their mounds?

The Adena were the first group of “mound builders,” a practice that spanned several cultures over a period of about 20 centuries. Building these mounds was a monumental task as these ancient people didn’t use the wheel and had no horses. Large amounts of earth would have to have been moved by the basket-load to the mound site.

What did the Native American Indians do for a living?

The Indians were excellent fishermen and invented the birch-bark canoe. It was not long before they became agricultural, adapting to climate changes and the discovery of the plant maize (corn). First harvesting wild plants with edible seeds, they gradually developed hybrids to increase productivity.