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What divided Greece into city-states?

What divided Greece into city-states?

Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. The landscape features rocky, mountainous land and many islands. These physical barriers caused population centers to be relatively isolated from each other. The sea was often the easiest way to move from place to place.

What separated ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece had the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Aegean Sea to the east. Greek civilization developed into independent city-states because Greece’s mountains, islands, and peninsulas separated the Greek people from each other and made communication difficult.

Why were the city-states in Greece divided?

One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. A final reason behind the development of city-states was the Greek aristocracy, who acted to prevent any permanent monarchies from forming.

What isolated separated ancient Greek city-states from one another?

The Geography of Ancient Greece The main physical geographic features of Ancient Greece are mountains, islands, and the sea. The mountains of Ancient Greece separated people geographically. Because of this, Greek city-states tended to be isolated from one another. City-states had their own governments.

Who is better Sparta or Athens?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.

Who ruled Greece?

Only a very powerful ruler could control all Greece. One man did in the 300s BC. He was Alexander the Great, from Macedonia. Alexander led his army to conquer an empire that stretched as far as Afghanistan and India.

Where did all the Greek city states located?

Their city-states were located on the same peninsula. They thought of themselves as Greeks. When we refer to “the Greeks”, we are being very general. To be more accurate, we would have to say Athens did this, and Sparta did that, or Athens and Sparta did this or that, or all the Greek city-states got together and did this or that.

How did people travel between the Greek cities?

There were no formal roads interconnecting the many city-states. The mountains and the winding coastlines made travel by land quite difficult. Travel was mostly by sea. The Greek city-states did know each other. They fought with each other, and teamed up against a common enemy with each other.

Is it true that ancient Greece was one country?

That can be misleading. Ancient Greece was not one country. It was never an empire. Except for the 13 years that Alexander the Great conquered the Greek city-states (along with Egypt, Mesopotamia, parts of India, and more), the Greek city-states did not have one leader.

Why was Athens and Sparta divided into city states?

“City-State” is a more modern term and the Athenians and Spartans wouldn’t understand the concept. They would have seen Athens and Sparta as cities that they could defend militarily so that they could protect their treasuries and retreat to them in the event they were attacked.