# What happens when variables change during an experiment?

## What happens when variables change during an experiment?

Changes in the independent variable cause changes in other variables. Experiments are designed so the changes in all but one of the other variables are controlled or kept constant. The other variable that can change as a result of changes in the independent variable is called the dependent variable.

How can variables affect the results of an experiment?

Any factor that can take on different values is a scientific variable and influences the outcome of experimental research. Gender, color and country are all perfectly acceptable variables, because they are inherently changeable.

Do variables ever change in an experiment?

In a science experiment, only one variable is changed at a time (the independent variable) to test how this changes the dependent variable. The researcher may measure other factors that either remain constant or change during the course of the experiment but are not believed to affect its outcome.

### Why is it important to change variables in an experiment?

Testing only one variable at a time lets you analyze the results of your experiment to see how much a single change affected the result. If you’re testing two variables at a time, you won’t be able to tell which variable was responsible for the result.

What is being changed in an experiment?

The things that are changing in an experiment are called variables. A variable is any factor, trait, or condition that can exist in differing amounts or types.

What is the effect of the variable to be changed on the variable to be measured?

You can think of independent and dependent variables in terms of cause and effect: an independent variable is the variable you think is the cause, while a dependent variable is the effect. In an experiment, you manipulate the independent variable and measure the outcome in the dependent variable.

#### Why do we need to change variable?

In science it is important to change one variable at a time so you may see which variable actually changed the data. If you change multiple and the data changes, you wouldn’t know which variable it was. So it is better to do one.

What the scientist manipulates in an experiment?

Scientists make changes in experiments to see if those changes will cause an effect in something they observe. The thing that is changed on purpose is called the manipulated variable. Sometimes it is also called the independent variable.

What is the factor that is being manipulated or changed in an experiment?

A variable is anything that can change or be changed. In other words, it is any factor that can be manipulated, controlled for, or measured in an experiment.

## How is a variable changed in a science experiment?

In a science experiment, only one variable is changed (the independent variable) to test how this changes the dependent variable.

When do you have more than one dependent variable in an experiment?

If there is a direct link between the two types of variables (independent and dependent) then you may be uncovering a cause and effect relationship. The number of dependent variables in an experiment varies, but there can be more than one. Experiments also have controlled variables.

What is the part of the experiment that is changed on purpose?

What is the part of the experiment that is changed on purpose? The part that is changed on purpose is called the independent variable. The independent variable is the the part of the experiment that the experimenter has direct control over. This variable is usually plotted on the y axis.

### Can you change one variable in a science fair project?

Sometimes it is impossible to just change one variable, and in those cases, scientists rely on more-complicated mathematical analysis and additional experiments to try to figure out what is going on. Older students are invited to read more about that in our Experimental Design for Advanced Science Projects page.