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What is the name for the functional group that contains the OH group?

What is the name for the functional group that contains the OH group?

hydroxyl group
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is a functional group with the chemical formula -OH and composed of one oxygen atom covalently bonded to one hydrogen atom. In organic chemistry, alcohols and carboxylic acids contain one or more hydroxy groups.

What is the name of the functional groups shown below R nh2?

Primary amine Primary amines have an alkyl or aromatic group and two hydrogens attached to a nitrogen atom. Primary amines can be shown in text as: RNH2 Primary amines are basic functions that can be protonated to the corresponding ammonium ion.

What functional group is found in an alcohol?

hydroxyl functional group
Alcohols are organic compounds in which the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom. Alcohols are an important class of molecules with many scientific, medical, and industrial uses.

What is the R in hydroxyl group?

A hydroxyl group is composed of one hydrogen atom bonded to one oxygen atom. The R in the structural formula stands for the carbon backbone of the organic molecule to which the hydroxyl attaches.

What is the functional group R ch3?

Methyl R-CH The methyl group is the only nonpolar functional group in our class list above. The methyl group consists of a carbon atom bound to three hydrogen atoms.

What is NH2 group called?

amino group
The substituent -NH2 is called an amino group. Compounds with a nitrogen atom attached to a carbonyl group, thus having the structure R–CO–NR′R″, are called amides and have different chemical properties from amines.

Which contains the carbonyl group?

The group is a constituent of carboxylic acids, esters, anhydrides, acyl halides, amides, and quinones, and it is the characteristic functional group (reactive group) of aldehydes and ketones. Carboxylic acids (and their derivatives), aldehydes, ketones, and quinones are also known collectively as carbonyl compounds.

What is the functional group of hexane?

The functional group in an alkyne is a carbon-carbon triple bond. Aromatics are cyclic strcutures that are planar, fully conjugated and that possess an odd number of electron pairs in the π bonding system….FG1. Hydrocarbons.

Number of carbons 6
Formula CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
Name hexane
Substituent CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2-
Name hexyl

What do you call alcohol with two hydroxyl groups?

Alcohols containing two hydroxyl groups are named -diols. Those bearing three are called -triols. A number giving the position of each of the hydroxyl groups is needed in theses cases. 5.

Is the hydroxyl group attached to the benzene ring?

Phenols are compounds in which the hydroxyl group is attached to the benzene ring. The general formula of a phenol if Ar-OH. Ar represents an aromatic group. The word phenol can mean any of a class of aromatic organic compounds having at least one hydroxyl group attached directly to the benzene ring.

How are the alkyl groups attached to an oxygen atom?

Ethers have two alkyl or aryl groups attached to an oxygen atom. The general structure of an ether is R-O-R’, where R’ again is any alkyl group. R’ may or may not be identical to R. Ether = R-O-R. Thiols are a family of compounds that contain the sulfhydryl group (-SH).