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What is the phenomenon of condensation?
Condensation is a phenomenon that occurs when air shrinks so much that it is no longer able to capture and hold humidity. Water molecules are pressed (forced) out of the spaces between the air molecules. As a result, we see vapor (e.g. “giving out”, damping, dew, mist, clouds) or water (e.g. rain, hail, snow).
When water vapor condenses what does it cause?
Condensation is the change of water from its gaseous form (water vapor) into liquid water. Condensation generally occurs in the atmosphere when warm air rises, cools and looses its capacity to hold water vapor. As a result, excess water vapor condenses to form cloud droplets.
How does the temperature of water affect condensation?
How does the temperature affect condensation? The amount of water vapor air can hold is directly related to the air temperature. Warmer air can hold more water vapor than cooler air. When warm air is cooled it looses its capacity to hold water vapor and, if it cools enough, it will begin to condensate.
What happens when a gas condenses?
Condensation is when a gas becomes a liquid. It happens when a gas, like water vapor, cools down. In condensation, matter changes from a gas to a liquid. All matter is made of tiny moving particles called molecules.
What changes when a substance condenses?
During condensation, a substance is changed from the gaseous to the liquid state of matter. Vaporization, which is more often referred to as “boiling,” is the complementary process in which a chemical is converted from the liquid state of matter to a gaseous physical form.
What are the phenomena that is due to condensation of water Vapour in the atmosphere?
In the atmosphere, condensation produces clouds, fog and precipitation (usually only when facilitated by cloud condensation nuclei). The dew point of an air parcel is the temperature to which it must cool before water vapor in the air begins to condense. Condensation in the atmosphere forms cloud droplets.
What happens when water condenses?
Condensation is the process by which water vapor in the air is changed into liquid water. As condensation occurs and liquid water forms from the vapor, the water molecules become more organized and heat is released into the atmosphere as a result.
What temperature difference causes condensation?
When the air temperature drops below its dew point, excess moisture will be released in the form of condensation. Condensation problems are most likely to occur in climates where temperatures frequently dip to 35°F or colder over an extended period of time.
At what temperature does water condenses out of air?
At absolute zero there would be no gaseous water. For temperature above 0 Kelvin and 273.15 Kelvin (0 Celsius) or below then water condensing from the atmosphere would form ice. For temperature between 0 Celsius and 100 Celsius liquid water would condense.
Which is an example of the process of condensation?
Related Science. Multimedia. The air is full of water, as water vapor, even if you can’t see it. Condensation is the process of water vapor turning back into liquid water, with the best example being those big, fluffy clouds floating over your head.
How does condensation occur at the dew point?
Condensation happens one of two ways: Either the air is cooled to its dew point or it becomes so saturate d with water vapor that it cannot hold any more water. Dew point is the temperature at which condensation happens.
Which is the reverse of evaporation and condensation?
Condensation is the process where water vapor becomes liquid. It is the reverse of evaporation, where liquid water becomes a vapor. Condensation happens one of two ways: Either the air is cooled to its dew point or it becomes so saturate d with water vapor that it cannot hold any more water.
Where does condensation occur in a cumulus cloud?
The point at which condensation starts can be easily viewed in cumulus clouds, which have flat bottoms. Those flat bottoms are where vapor begins to condense into water droplets. Clouds are simply masses of water droplets in the atmosphere. Molecule s in water vapor are far apart from one another.