Table of Contents
Mariner’s Compass. One of the earliest human-made navigational tools used to aid mariners was the mariner’s compass, which was an early form of the magnetic compass.
A typical sixteenth-century compass consisted of a large magnetized needle fastened to the underside of a circular card on which the several directions were drawn. The compass rose, as it was sometimes called, usually had thirty-two points 11.25 degrees apart – north, north by east, north by northeast, and so on.
What did explorers use to navigate?
Compasses, which indicate direction relative to the Earth’s magnetic poles, are used in navigation on land, at sea, and in the air. Compasses were being used for navigation by the 1100s, and are still the most familiar navigational tools in the world.
The only navigation they had was a sextant, which uses the angle between the sun (or star) and the horizon (constantly bouncing up and down due to strong Antarctic waves) to calculate latitude.
Islamic geography and navigational sciences made use of a magnetic compass and a rudimentary instrument known as a kamal, used for celestial navigation and for measuring the altitudes and latitudes of the stars. The kamal itself was simple to construct.
What kind of instruments did people play in the 1750’s?
2.1 Strings. 2.2 Woodwind. 2.3 Brasses. 2.4 Keyboards. 2.5 Percussion. 3 Classical (1750–1820) 3.1 Strings. 3.2 Woodwinds. 3.3 Keyboards.
What kind of instruments were used in the Baroque period?
Pipe Organ Another type of keyboard instrument that was very popular during the baroque era was the Pipe Organ, a large instrument commonly found in churches. Bach, Handel, and many other composers wrote extensively for it, with the baroque period known as the ‘Golden Age’ for the pipe organ.
What kind of instruments did the Romans play?
Brasses 1 Buccin 2 Ophicleide —Serpent replacement, precursor of tuba 3 Natural trumpet 4 Natural horn 5 Trombone 6 Post horn 7 Cornet