Table of Contents
Where can you find mitochondria the most?
Some different cells have different amounts of mitochondria because they need more energy. So for example, the muscle has a lot of mitochondria, the liver does too, the kidney as well, and to a certain extent, the brain, which lives off of the energy those mitochondria produce.
Why is mitochondria found in eukaryotic cells?
Mitochondria — often called the powerhouses of the cell — enable eukaryotes to make more efficient use of food sources than their prokaryotic counterparts. That’s because these organelles greatly expand the amount of membrane used for energy-generating electron transport chains.
Why is Mtdna only from mother?
In sexual reproduction, during the course of fertilization event only nuclear DNA is transferred to the egg cell while rest all other things destroyed. And this is the reason which proves that Mitochondrial DNA inherited from mother only.
Does mitochondria come from mother?
Unlike nuclear DNA, which is passed down from both the mother and the father, mitochondrial DNA is inherited exclusively from the mother. ATP is produced by a group of proteins inside the mitochondria called the respiratory chain.
Where might the mitochondria originated from and why?
It is thought that the mitochondria might have originated from early bacteria that became so symbiotic with their hosts, the eukaryotic cells, that they evolved and become indispensable energy-yielding structures within the eukaryotic cells (endosymbiotic theory).
Why is the mitochondria called the powerhouse of the cell?
Mitochondria are called the powerhouse of the cell because it provides energy for the cell. Mitochondria are called as the power houses of the cell.
What happens inside the mitochondria?
Mitochondria, using oxygen available within the cell convert chemical energy from food in the cell to energy in a form usable to the host cell. The process is called oxidative phosphorylation and it happens inside mitochondria.
What are some interesting facts about mitochondria?
Interesting Facts about Mitochondria They can quickly change shape and move around the cell when needed. When the cell needs more energy, the mitochondria can reproduce by growing larger and then dividing. Mitochondria are very similar to some bacteria. Different mitochondria produce different proteins.