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Where did Macfarlane Burnet work?

Where did Macfarlane Burnet work?

Burnet spent most of his working career as Director of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (1944 to 1965) and during his directorship led a change in direction to immunology, which at the time resulted in some controversy.

What did Frank Burnet do?

Burnet’s major achievements in microbiology included discovering the causative agents of Q-fever and psittacosis; developing assays for the isolation, culture and detection of influenza virus; describing the recombination of influenza strains; demonstrating that the myxomatosis virus does not cause disease in humans.

When did Frank Macfarlane Burnet win the Nobel Prize?

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1960 was awarded jointly to Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet and Peter Brian Medawar “for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance.”

When did Frank Macfarlane Burnet live?

Introduction. With the death of Frank Macfarlane Burnet on 31 August 1985, Australia lost its greatest biologist, a man who had spent virtually all of a long working life in Australia.

What did Peter C Doherty discover?

By studying mice, Peter Doherty and Rolf Zinkernagel proved in 1973 how the immune system recognizes virus-ridden cells. A kind of white blood cell, T-cells, kills the virus-ridden cells, but only if they recognize both the foreign substances, viruses, and certain substances from the body’s own cells.

Is encephalitis linked to the myxomatosis virus?

The release of the myxoma virus to control rabbit populations coincides with an outbreak of Murray Valley encephalitis in northern Victoria. Many claim myxomatosis is responsible for the deadly encephalitis outbreak.

Where did Peter Doherty work?

Although Professor Doherty now works at the St Jude Children’s Research Hospital in the USA, the prize-winning discovery was made in 1973 at the John Curtin School of Medical Research at the Australian National University, showing that Australian scientific research can rank with the best in the world.

Why Peter Doherty’s work is important?

How did rabbits survive myxomatosis?

The study, published in the journal Science, reveals that modern rabbits in Australia, the UK and France have acquired resistance to myxomatosis through the same genetic evolution. The team also found that this resistance relies on the cumulative impact of multiple mutations of different genes.

What did Doherty do?

Doherty, (born October 15, 1940, Australia), Australian immunologist and pathologist who, with Rolf Zinkernagel of Switzerland, received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1996 for their discovery of how the body’s immune system distinguishes virus-infected cells from normal cells.

When did Peter Doherty discover?

Who was Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet and what did he do?

Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet was an Australian virologist and immunologist, known for his contributions in human biology. This biography profiles childhood, life, career, achievements and timeline of this Nobel Laureate.

Where did Macfarlane Burnet go to medical school?

Burnet received his Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of Melbourne in 1924, and his PhD from the University of London in 1928. He went on to conduct pioneering research in microbiology and immunology at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, and served as director of the Institute from 1944 to 1965.

When did F MacFarlane Burnet win the Nobel Prize?

Click here for more details. F. Macfarlane Burnet shared the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Peter Medawar (AAI ’73) for their “discovery of acquired immunological tolerance.”

When did Macfarlane Burnet retire from the University of Melbourne?

From 1965 until his retirement in 1978, Burnet worked at the University of Melbourne. Throughout his career he played an active role in the development of public policy for the medical sciences in Australia and was a founding member of the Australian Academy of Science (AAS), and served as its president from 1965 to 1969.