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Who was the leader of the Aztec Empire?

Who was the leader of the Aztec Empire?

Montezuma II
Montezuma I – Under Montezuma I the Aztecs became the dominant power of the Triple Alliance and the empire was expanded. Montezuma II – The ninth emperor of the Aztecs, Montezuma II was the leader when Cortez and the Spanish arrived.

When and how did the Aztec Empire fall?

Lacking food and ravaged by smallpox disease earlier introduced by one of the Spaniards, the Aztecs, now led by Cuauhtemoc, finally collapsed after 93 days of resistance on the fateful day of 13th of August, 1521 CE. Tenochtitlan was sacked and its monuments destroyed.

Who was the leader of the Aztecs at the time of their defeat in 1519?

Aztec capital falls to Cortés. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor.

Who was the ruler of the Aztec empire when the Spanish conquest began?

Montezuma II, also spelled Moctezuma, (born 1466—died c. June 30, 1520, Tenochtitlán, within modern Mexico City), ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés.

Some sources claim that the Aztec leader, Moctezuma II, was someone ineffective at dealing with the situation. He invited the Spanish in as part of a peace offering, though there is a lot of debate over why the Aztecs welcomed Cortés and the Spanish in, Carballo says. The Europeans remained there for about eight months.

Who was the last emperor of the Aztec Empire?

The Aztecs revolt, driving the Spanish from the city. Cuitláhuac becomes emperor. The Spanish go to Tlaxcala and make an alliance with them. Most Aztec cities are conquered, and a siege of Tenochtitlán begins. 1521 (13 August): The last Aztec emperor, Cuauhtémoc, surrenders to Cortes.

Who was killed in the fall of the Aztec Empire?

Moctezuma II is killed shortly after—the Spanish sources claim a crowd stoned him as he spoke while the Aztecs point the finger at the Spanish. In any case, the Spanish and Tlaxcalans retreated from Tenochtitlan as the whole city rose against them.

When did the Aztecs fall to the Spaniards?

Here’s a (very) brief summary of the fall of the Aztec empire, after the arrival of Hernando Cortes until the fall of Tenochtitlán ( read a biography of Hernan Cortez here ): 1519 (March 4): The Spaniards land in what is now Veracruz.