Table of Contents
What Plains did the Jumano live in?
The Jumanos ranged from south of the Rio Grande to the Southern Plains. Within this territory they were essentially nomadic, although there were permanent enclaves at La Junta de los Rios (near present-day Ojinaga, Chihuahua), in the Tompiro Pueblos of New Mexico, and perhaps elsewhere.
What is jumano?
Jumanos were a tribe or several tribes, who inhabited a large area of western Texas, New Mexico, and northern Mexico, especially near the Junta de los Rios region with its large settled Native indigenous population.
How did the jumanos travel?
The Plains Jumano certainly hunted buffalo and moved to follow the herds. The Plains Jumano probably lived in tee -pees like the other nomadic Southern Plains tribes did.
What is Jumano?
How did the jumanos survive?
Historians call them the Pueblo Jumano because they lived in villages. Like other Pueblo people, the Jumano were farmers. Because they lived in such a dry land, it was hard to farm. Just as many modern Texas farmers do, the Jumano irrigated their crops by bringing water from nearby streams.
What language did the jumanos speak?
A recent study has argued that the Jumanos spoke a Tanoan language. If they did, this would link them with the eastern Pueblos of New Mexico and would imply that their ancestral ties lay within or near the Rio Grande valley.
Where did the Jumano Indians live in Mexico?
The Rio Grande branch of the Jumanos were Puebloan Indians and they lived in Puebloan style villages. The Pueblos along the Rio Grande north and south of modern El Paso from the Tompiro Pueblo down to La Junta and smaller villages along the Rio Concho in Old Mexico formed the core area of historic Jumano culture.
What are some interesting facts about the Jumano?
Interesting Jumano Facts: Jumano was spelled many different ways by the Spanish including Xumana, Jumana, Humano, Jumanes, Xomanm and Xumano. The French referred to the Jumano as Chumano and Chomano. Frances V. Scholes (a historian), and H.P Mera (an archeologist) clarified the meaning of the name Jumano in 1940.
Who are the Jumanos of the Rio Grande Valley?
Other groups closely associated with the Jumano and who at times have been identified as Jumano were the Julimes, Tobosos, and Conchos living progressively further south along the Conchos River from its intersection with the Rio Grande. The Jumano of the late 17th century sought an alliance with the Spanish.
Who was the leader of the Jumano tribe?
In 1684, at the instigation of the Jumano chief Juan Sabeata, Franciscans from New Mexico founded the missions of La Navidad en las Cruces and Apostol Santiago, to accommodate the La Junta tribes and refugees from Apache depredations elsewhere.