Table of Contents
Which food has the highest amounts of B vitamins quizlet?
Grains are good sources of most of the B vitamins. Leafy green vegetables provide folate, vitamin A, vitamin E, and vitamin K; citrus fruit provides vitamin C. Meat and fish are good sources of all of the B vitamins, and milk provides riboflavin and vitamins A and D.
Which B vitamin is part of the coenzymes FAD and FMN that aid in breaking down glucose and fatty acids?
Vitamin B2. Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) and its active forms (flavin adenine dinucleotide [FAD] and flavin mononucleotide [FMN]) are cofactors for enzymatic reactions in the TCA cycle and in fatty acid oxidization (also known as β-oxidization) (15).
Which of the following B vitamins is involved in the metabolism of fatty acids quizlet?
Riboflavin-deficiency disease is called ariboflavinosis. Niacin assists in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fatty acids. It also plays an important role in DNA replication and repair and in cell differentiation. Corn-based diets can be low in niacin and can result in the deficiency disease Pellagra.
When the vitamins lost in grain processing are restored which is a nutrient typically not added back?
When the vitamins lost in grain processing are restored, which is a nutrient typically NOT added back? b. fortification.
Which of the following foods is most likely to contain sulfites?
Sulfite-Containing Foods. Sulfites are found in dried fruits, molasses, sauerkraut and pickled foods, pre-made gravies and sauces, canned vegetables, condiments, frozen shrimp, dehydrated potatoes, potato chips, jams, and trail mix. Sulfites also occur naturally in some fermented drinks, such as beer and wine.
Which is a primary function of most B vitamins?
B vitamins are important for making sure the body’s cells are functioning properly. They help the body convert food into energy (metabolism), create new blood cells, and maintain healthy skin cells, brain cells, and other body tissues.
Are B vitamins coenzymes?
Most of the B vitamins have been recognized as coenzymes (substances that participate with enzymes in accelerating the interconversion of chemical compounds), and they all appear to be essential in facilitating the metabolic processes of all forms of animal life.
Which of the following B vitamins is involved in the metabolism of fatty acids?
Niacin, also known as nicotinamide or nicotinic acid, is a coenzyme (in over 200 metabolic pathways) that assists in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fatty acids, especially during increased energy expendi- ture.
What do many B vitamins function as?
What are the deficiencies of vitamin B?
Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency
- tiredness or fatigue.
- loss of appetite.
- weight loss.
- numbness and tingling in the hands and feet.
- balance problems.
What foods are high in B vitamins and minerals?
Summary Salmon is high in riboflavin, niacin, B6 and B12, as well as a good source of thiamine and pantothenic acid. Additionally, it’s low in mercury and high in omega-3 fats and protein. 2. Leafy Greens Several leafy greens stand out for their folate (B9) content. These are among the highest vegetable sources of folate ( 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ):
What happens to the nutrients in processed foods?
Depending on the degree of processing, many nutrients can be destroyed or removed. Peeling outer layers of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may remove plant nutrients (phytochemicals) and fiber. Heating or drying foods can destroy certain vitamins and minerals.
Why are processed foods considered to be unhealthy?
An ultra-processed food that contains an unevenly high ratio of calories to nutrients may be considered unhealthy. For example, research supports an association between a high intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and an increased risk of obesity, diabetes, and heart disease.
What foods are good sources of riboflavin and B12?
Milk One 8-ounce cup (240 ml) of milk provides 26% of the RDI for riboflavin, as well as smaller amounts of other B vitamins ( 20 ): ). ). Like other animal products, milk also is a good source of B12, supplying 18% of the RDI per 1-cup (240-ml) serving ( 19 ). ).